Contemporary military operations are becoming increasingly complex, multifaceted, and unpredictable. The technological capabilities of allies and adversaries advance every day. And this puts more pressure on military commanders. They have to anticipate, assess, and take action in increasingly pressurized environments and restricted timeframes.
The Internet of Things (IoT) is a potential solution to this problem. By integrating systems of sensors, actuators, and control systems into existing military infrastructures, the military can become more efficient and effective. Below we have outlined three separate areas for IoT military applications.
The effect of IoT on logistics and supply chain management has been huge; industries such as agriculture and healthcare have recently benefited. The connected sensors and digital analytics that IoT technology offers help track supplies and equipment from their source to where they are needed on the battlefield.
Incorporating IoT devices and sensors into military bases can have several positive effects. Automated security screening, for example, increases safety while decreasing manpower. A network of security cameras connected to their environment via sensors and to a central network via the Internet minimizes security risks. Smart management of resources – electricity and water for example – will increase the capacity and output of military bases. And also ensure the wellbeing of all individuals inside the base.
IoT helps in collecting data from a wide range of military platforms. These platforms include aircraft, weapon systems, ground vehicles, and troops themselves. This data enables the military to increase the effectiveness of their intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance systems. This wealth of information will allow the armed forces to identify key threats faster and with more accuracy.
Infrared sensor enabled with IoT solutions have various military applications; for instance, to detect human presence from a distance. And the sensors also used in other industries like; healthcare, chemical, and electronics, as they can detect infrared radiations and heat radiations.
Internet of Military/Battlefield Things (IoMT IoBT)
The Internet of Things has strong military applications, connecting ships, planes, tanks, drones, soldiers, and operating bases. By connecting them in a cohesive network it increases situational awareness, risk assessment, and response time.
And simultaneously produce a huge amount of data.
“The Internet of Battlefield Things (IoBT) involves the full realization of pervasive sensing, pervasive computing, and pervasive communication, leading to an unprecedented scale of information produced by the networked sensors and computing units,” says new research entitled “Context-Aware Ubiquitous Biometrics in Edge of Military Things” in IEEE Cloud Computing.
In Internet of Military Things (IoMT) or Internet of Battlefield Things (IoBT), are sensing and computing devices. Soldiers wear these devices embedded in their combat suits, helmets, weapons systems, and other pieces of equipment. These are capable of acquiring a variety of static and dynamic biometrics. For example, their face, iris, periocular space, fingerprints, heart rate, gait, gestures, and facial expressions.